At certain times and places the infant mortality rose up to 80-90% among the parish Saamis, a group which mainly did consist of the old Forest Saamis.
This text is about the Forest Saamis in Sweden.
But; since I first wrote this, I have found credible sources concluding that Forest Saamis in both Norway and Finland (plus most likely, and to some extent obvious in wide parts of Karelia and Russia, Kola peninsula that is) that is.
The process when studied reveals a wide range of similarities already with a brief comparison betweeen what happened to the Forest Nenets, Southern Selkup and Southern Khanty speakers, as well as with the speaker of the many already extinct languages spoekn by peoples with forest reindeer husbandry and other forest-related subsistences like hunting-gathering-fishing in taiga area of Russian North and Central/Western Siberia. I will later, in other texts, return to this issue.
I will in upcoming texts treat the studiy field of Russian warfare agains these for me remote or semi-remote peoples and their (in the 1700s mainly) hard resistance against the Russian power.
and, from mainland Västerbotten,
Also from areas in Södermanland, Värmland and Närke.
(Possibly also from Dalsland and other even more southern shires.)
The Southernmost Forest Saami language variety got totally extinct during the 1800s.
Furthermore following south Saami varities are still threatened: South Saami and Ume Saami, as well as Lule Saami. Same destiny also, still, threatens some Eastern varieties.
There are still Forest Saamis in Sweden; generally in the North-East Tornedalen area, in Malå, Gällivare, Arvidsjaur Jokkmokk. But basically all the other organized sijte/siita (sing.)’s are since long gone disappeared.
I will explore the reasons in follow-up articles, blog texts
Till then you can always hire me for a lecture in English or Swedish!
Picture: Sockenbilder.se (parish pictures), Delsbo parish
The reason why I use this illustration; a dead child gives us a clue how the mass extinction of Forest Saamis
really got initiated; through infant mortality. At certain times and places it rose up to 80-90% among the parish Saamis, a group which mainly did consist of the old Forest Saamis.