”Within Dalecarlia hatched and borned”, On Swedish ethnic cleansing of Saamis from the Central areas (Pt 1)

”Within Dalecarlia hatched and borned” – Part 1 in a mini-series on Saami History, mainly SouthSaami

Leem_kota1
”Within Dalecarlia hatced and born”. On ethnic cleansing and the genesis of the parish-saami system
Series of short essays on the Southernmost Saamis history, Pt 1
Edited rendition Aug 5 2015

This time we will take a look at the supplantation of Saamis from the Mälaren valley counties (or landskap/shires), the Bergslagen (mining area, that is), Dalecarlia and the counties we today know as Gävleborg and Västernorrland.
In the 1700s (as a matter of fact the ethnic cleansing atttempts started already back in the 1640s, at least those we know of; but we will return to these times). Years of confusion followed, untill the reindeer herding forest-Saamis got to know that the decision was suspended (about 1735, if we do conclude from the moval patterns; there are sofar no known official documents on this part of the scenario).
Eventually they are allowed to remain in the northern parts of Dalecarlia, above Falun (Sundborn and Svärdsjö towards Enviken parishes for most of them), but they were not alloewd to hunt neither put out pray traps.
Several supplicas were sent to the King in May and July ,1730, last date the Saamis wrote that they were


within Dalecarlia hatched and borned, whereas out forefathers well over 100 years have had their dwelling, and soforth within the true Lappish language we are indeed lost, as well as in their habits scarce-knowingly; therefore we shall after aforementioned publication to the Lappmark be sent, then we will, without any hesitation, be, suffering, spiritually as well as bodily be shipwrecked.

(Author’s emphazising)

Between September 1720 and the reformed publication in October 29, 1723 some Saami families in these southern areas were arrested. The plan was to transfer them to Gävle Castle prison for further transport to Jämtland or even further northwards situated Saami areas, Lappmarker. Most Saamis remained in the southern areas, and, as we have seen – in Dalecarlia, the home of theirs ancestors. And already in early 1740s the Västmanland nomadic patterns were fully active again. Handicraft and slaughter of horses – symbiosises and slave systems

More in upcoming texts. PICTURE: Knud Leem, Sea Saami hut

Knud Leem (drawing) and O.H. von Lode (copper carving)Leem, Knud (1767). Beskrivelse over Finnmarkens Lapper, deres Tungemaal, Levemaade og forrige Afgudsdyrkelse (Copenhagen: 1767).

Interior from a Norweigan Coastal Saami hut or goahti/goahte/gábma/gamme.
It is dividded into nine parts with various functions. Uploaded by
Skogsfrun https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Skogsfrun http://www.skogsfrun.se/

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