VIDDEN AV SÁPMI. Del I. Sägner, saga, sanning om samer (?) i Skottland (”Finmen”) ?

Även om min blogg står inför sin nära förestående ändalykt, startar jag lite nya artikelserier. De kommer antingen att fortsätta i Saepmie Times eller i de artiklar som konstituerar grunden för bokprojektet Bottniska samer.

Det här ämnet har vi sysslat med förut men då främst på öarna (Orkney, mest; där traditionen är starkast) norr om Skottland.

Kajaker eller i vart fall båtar efter dessa finmen ska alltså finnas bevarade i Edinburgh och Aberdeen, enligt David MacRitchie (”The Aberdeen Kayak and its Congeners” 1912). Vi tittar mer på denna text till kommande del.

Tills dess ett citat:

”The earliest example (after those attributed to King Haco) of a
kayak preserved as a trophy in a European church is also furnished
by Dr Nansen. It is of the year 1430. The chronicler is a certain
Dane named Claudius Clausson, or Clavus, who informs us that to
the west of the Wild Lapps ” are little Pygmies, a cubit high, whom
I have seen,” he affirms, ” after they were taken at sea in a little
hide-boat, which is now (about 1430) hanging in the cathedral at
Nidaros (Trondhjem). There is likewise,” he goes on to say, ” a
long vessel of hides, which was also once taken with such Pygmies in
it.” *”

LÄNK till PDF: https://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-352-1/dissemination/pdf/vol_046/46_213_241.pdf

MacRitchie konstaterar att det verkligen handlar om kajaker, men också att samerna ehuru vanligen inte förknippade med kajaker hade sydda båtar och förekom frekvent kring inte minst de norra delarna av det vi idag känner som Storbritannien under den norska och danska tiden.

Ur 1912
              Bild ur David MacRitchie (1912)

John Brand, in A Brief Description of Orkney, described a sighting of a Finn-man.[5]

There are frequently Finmen seen here upon the coasts, as one about a year ago on Stronsa, and another within these few months on Westra, a gentleman with many others in the isle looking on him nigh to the shore, but when any endeavour to apprehend them, they flee away most swiftly; which is very strange, that one man, sitting in his little boat, should come some hundred of leagues from their own coasts, as they reckon Finland to be from Orkney; it may be thought wonderful how they live all that time, and are able to keep the sea so long. His boat is made of seal skins or some kind of leather, he also hath a coat of leather upon him, and he sitteth in the middle of his boat, with a little oar in his hand, fishing with his lines: and when in a storm he sees the high surge of a wave approaching, he hath a way of sinking his boat, till the wave pass over, least thereby he should be overturned. The fishers here observe that these Finmen or Finland-men by their coming drive away the fishes from the coasts. One of their boats is kept as a rarity in the Physicians Hall in Edinburgh.

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