The Saami organisational history is in each and every historical era closely connected if not intertwined with the colonial history.
We also need to remind us about the fact that the Saamis and their forebears, the proto-Saamis, once populated the overwhelming lion’s share of the whole Nordic region including the Carelian and Russian Norths. A certain scientific school even wants to include Estonia in this Proto-Saepmie; but we do not take that particular extension for granted. But the others part have been checked and roughly seem to be correct (with a slight confusion on Southern Norway).
If we look at the South Saami organisational history’s central figures’s predecessors over a semi-reasonable time span of some 630 years; we land by detail-wise less known Saami women (most often placed in a Åsele or Angaria/Angermanna Saami context – Margareta, the name-sake of the Union Queen.
She , the Saami Margareta, also features traits from and appeared influence by the magic maybe and for us mysterious and earlier Holy St. Bridget of Sweden (Heliga Birgitta; Birgitta Birgersdotter 1303-1373).
She, Margareta also had visions and felt connected directly to God.
This Margareta, she skied all the way to Uppsala, then to Vadstena Malmö to the Queen and then back to Strängnäs, before she went home. The likelines that she spent the winter of 1388-89 around Mälaren Valley is high
We can, extremely swiftly, take a retrospective ti the 11-1200s when the Saamis apparently were the (Dunfjeld-Aagård 2005, Fjellström 1983, 1985, Serning 1956, 1960, 1962) main actors in the area, and did run a clear embryo to a nation, to a state. But around 1277 Magnus Birgersson Ladulås achieved to destroy Saami power; partly through military violence, partly through the brand new system of birkarlar, in Central Finland for a starter.
Later we have to investigate the late Nordic medieval age (the 1400s that is) and the 1500-1600s after complaining or conflicting, rebelling Saamis. In the early 1640s, two named Kemi Saamis, Hans and Olof Andersson declared the common Saami’s complaints for the colonists. But already before that, it seems like the Saamis in the Swedish Empire (including present-day Finland) actually were due to elect representants in the parliament, the Riksdag of the Estates (ståndsriksdagen).
Peter Ericson Sep 10, 2017