Update Oct 3, 2015: Summary lectures & A (semi-secret) Jolly Good Idea?


Lectures in Uppsala and Östersund completed.
I am not to pleased with my own efforts; yet people seem to have likes it in general.
i is, though, an easy study field, in that sense, that it encompasses many new aspects and less known empirical data.

As a starter, this minitout it feels at least O.K.

Now I want to call for one or two scholars from Finland and Russia/Karelia/Kola.

I have an idea, and I want to test it on you.

You must be into the Saami-historical issues.

Give me a call through Facebok or here!



In my semi-new project…… I will check out the battles between Nenets and the Russian colonizing power

One of the big battles between the Russian oppressors and the indigenous peoples in Siberia took place in 1746.

It is of considerable interest to note that the natives, who had resisted the men of Novgorod for 400 years, stood up against Muscovite Russia and the Empire which soon succeeded it for another 250 years. It was not until 1746 that the garrison, aided by all Russians capable of bearing arms, and by some Nentsy, succeeded in crushing the Nentsy so thoroughly that all later visitors to the area describe them as an entirely peaceable people.


I will return to it. Fairly soon!

”Kolttalappalaisia avokodassa porojen etsinnässä syksyllä.” ”Skoltlapper vid lägereld under renarnas insamling på hösten”

” Kolttalappalaisia  avokodassa porojen etsinnässä syksyllä.”
Skoltlapper vid lagereld under renarnas insamling på hösten”
”Skolt Lapps in open tent during collecting of reindeer”
(Finnish, Swedish and English)
”K. Nickul”
”Lapin Sivistysseuran sarja n:o 16”
Original vintage halftone postcard, c. 1920
9 x 13.7 cm

Photo Karl Nickul

File:Skolt family.jpg

Photo Wessel, via Wikipedia

Wessel, Ellisif Rannveig Gruppeportrett av skoltefamilie i friluft. NMFF.002136


More on endangered languages and ethnic groups – UNESCO reports 1. FOREST ENETS (100 speakers 22 years ago)

Forest Enets  http://www.helsinki.fi/~tasalmin/nasia_report.html#FNenets

  1. Variant(s): Bai, (historical names:) Mangazeia Samoyed, Baikha or Baicha Samoyed, Karasina Samoyed, (old generic name also covering Tundra Enets:) Yenisei Samoyed
  2. Geographical location: in the forest zone on the lower Yenisei, within the Dudinka raion of the Taimyr (Dolgano-Nenets) Autonomous District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia; historically, the speakers of the idiom have gradually moved towards the north along the Yenisei basin; this movement has during the last 150 years involved a distance of approx. 500 kms
  3. Relationships: /Enets/Samoyed/Finno-Ugrian (Uralic)
  4. Present state of the language: NEARLY EXTINCT
        (a) children speakers: none
        (b) mean age of youngest speakers: from 40 years up
        (c) distribution by sex: no known difference
        (d) total number of speakers: less than 50, possibly only a few; members of the ethnic group: approx. 100
      (e) degree of speakers’ competence: the last speakers are mainly trilingual, speaking also Russian and Tundra Nenets; interference from the latter two languages tends to influence what is left of native language skills in Forest Enets
  5. Sources:
        (i) information (about the language) and (ii) published material (of the language): N. M. TERESHHENKO: Eneckij jazyk, Jazyki mira: ural’skie jazyki, Moskva 1993
      (iii) competent scholar(s) and institution(s): Eugene HELIMSKI (XELIMSKIJ), Russian University of Humanities, Moscow, Russia
  6. Remarks: Forest Enets and Tundra Enets are officially counted as dialects of a single language, but they have a number of fundamental differences; areally, Forest Enets reveals an orientation towards Nenets (q.v.), while Tundra Enets adheres to Nganasan (q.v.); together with Nenets and Nganasan, the idioms of the Enets group are often considered to constitute a special subbranch termed Northern Samoyed
  7. Compiler: Dr. Juha Janhunen, Helsinki, 26 Dec. 1993

    Update: 50 speakers, all over 45 years old.